Rising from the tremendous physical damage and human losses wrought by a prolonged civil war that followed the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, Tajikistan more than halved the poverty incidence from 83% in 1999 to 41% in 2007. Its economy had grown substantially, with real gross domestic product expanding at an annual average of 7.5% in 2006−2008.
With the aim to improve regional connectivity, cut transport costs, and increase competitiveness, the Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation (CAREC) Program has been developing 6 transport corridors since 1997.
Tajikistan is a mountainous and landlocked country with significant river systems. Because of its terrain and climate, it is highly exposed to the risk of flooding. Magnifying this risk are (i) the impacts of climate change, which have been shown by studies to likely result in more frequent and intense flood events; and (ii) the lack of adaptive capacity of Tajikistan that, as of project appr