In April 2014, prolonged heavy rainfall associated with tropical cyclone Ita caused severe flooding in the Solomon Islands’ capital, Honiara, and the surrounding Guadalcanal province on Guadalcanal island. The storm damaged or destroyed roads, bridges, houses, water supply systems, and other major infrastructure. The government declared a state disaster for Honiara and all of Guadalcanal.
At project appraisal in 2013, only around 3% of the people in the Malaita province, which had about 25% of the Solomon Islands’ national population, had access to grid electricity. Power in the provincial capital of Auki was 100% diesel-generated and so was expensive and beyond the reach of most of the local population.
Solomon Islands is a large Melanesian country, composed of 6 big islands, dozens of smaller islands, and several hundreds of islets and atolls. As of 2010, about 80% of its 500,000 people lived in the rural areas, in widely dispersed villages of a few hundred people.
Solomon Islands consists of six large islands, dozens of smaller islands, and hundreds of islets and atolls. It has a land area of 28,000 square kilometers (km). Until 2009, more than 80% of its population was rural, living in widely dispersed villages of a few hundred persons.