During the first decade after Azerbaijan regained independence in 1991, most roads in the country were in an unsatisfactory condition because of insufficient maintenance funding and the weak enforcement of vehicle axle–load controls. A large part of the road network consequently required reconstruction or rehabilitation.
Dhaka and Chattogram (formerly Chittagong) are the two major metropolitan areas of Bangladesh. The Dhaka–Chattogram corridor is central to the country’s economy as it generates almost 50% of the national gross domestic product and handles about 80% of international maritime trade. The 250-kilometer (km), two-lane National Highway N1 is the only major road that connects Dhaka to Chattogram.
The government of Armenia, a landlocked country that depends on cross-border transport for trade, has been strengthening its economic linkages with neighboring countries to increase trade, investment opportunities, and jobs.
Chongqing, a municipality in the southwest portion of the People’s Republic of China (PRC), comprises 26 districts, 8 counties, and 4 autonomous counties. It covers a large area crossed by rivers and mountains, and has a large geological massif of mountains and hills, with large sloping areas at different heights.