Despite a decade of conflict until 2006 followed by protracted political instability, Nepal, as of project appraisal, had made good progress in reducing poverty and achieving almost universal enrollment in primary education with gender parity.
During project preparation, Bangladesh was one of the few countries that achieved gender parity up to secondary level. Net enrollment rates improved from 87.2% in 2005 to 93.9% in 2009. However, despite significant progress, primary education remained inadequate to ensure quality primary education for all children on a sustainable basis.
The World Risk Report 2012 ranked Tonga, a country of 176 islands and four island groups, second only to Vanuatu in terms of vulnerability to natural disasters. Natural disasters such as tropical cyclones and storm surges have been inflicting significant losses on Tonga’s economy while also depleting its cash reserves.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Kyrgyz Republic has made significant progress in adopting market-based reforms, with private sector development as the key engine of growth. Nevertheless, growth has occurred largely from natural resource exploitation and remittances-backed private consumption.
Viet Nam has made notable progress in reducing poverty and improving the health status of its citizens. Despite this, significant disparities in access to health services and health status continue to be observed across geographic regions and population subgroups.