The World Risk Report 2012 ranked Tonga, a country of 176 islands and four island groups, second only to Vanuatu in terms of vulnerability to natural disasters. Natural disasters such as tropical cyclones and storm surges have been inflicting significant losses on Tonga’s economy while also depleting its cash reserves.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Kyrgyz Republic has made significant progress in adopting market-based reforms, with private sector development as the key engine of growth. Nevertheless, growth has occurred largely from natural resource exploitation and remittances-backed private consumption.
Viet Nam has made notable progress in reducing poverty and improving the health status of its citizens. Despite this, significant disparities in access to health services and health status continue to be observed across geographic regions and population subgroups.
During 1998–2008, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) supported the Vocational and Technical Education Project in Viet Nam to improve the technical skills of students and teachers. Lessons from this project pointed to the need for (i) strengthening school and central level management, and (ii) implementing a training system that will update teachers’ skills and response to new technologies and ch
Viet Nam has about 100 large- and medium-scale irrigation and drainage schemes. One of the oldest and largest, the 60-year-old Bac Hung Hai (BHH) system, is in the heart of the Red River Delta and services the provinces of Bac Ninh, Hung Yen, and Hai Duong.