During project preparation, Bangladesh was one of the few countries that achieved gender parity up to secondary level. Net enrollment rates improved from 87.2% in 2005 to 93.9% in 2009. However, despite significant progress, primary education remained inadequate to ensure quality primary education for all children on a sustainable basis.
Just 2−4 years after it was severely hit by the 1997 Asian financial crisis, the Indonesian economy began to steadily recover. Real gross domestic product growth rose from 0.8% in 1998 to 2%–3% during 2000–2002 and reached 5.5% in 2006. Wide−ranging finance sector reforms accounted for much of this recovery.