Viet Nam has about 100 large- and medium-scale irrigation and drainage schemes. One of the oldest and largest, the 60-year-old Bac Hung Hai (BHH) system, is in the heart of the Red River Delta and services the provinces of Bac Ninh, Hung Yen, and Hai Duong.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has some of the worst land degradation in the world, with more than 40% of its land area, or about 3 million square kilometers (km2), adversely affected in 2005. The vast western region, which accounts for 71% of the PRC’s land area, with a population of more than 350 million at the time, including many of the country’s poorest and most vulnerable, was sign
Agriculture is an important driver of Punjab province’s economic growth and a pillar of Pakistan’s food security. During the early 2000s, it accounted for more than 26% of Punjab’s gross domestic product and employed over 40% of the provincial labor force. Punjab’s contribution to the country’s agricultural production was estimated at 57%.
The rapid economic growth of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has depended in part on reservoirs, which have facilitated flood control, irrigation, hydropower generation, and water supply. These reservoirs are grouped by the country into three safety classes. Class III, comprising 37,032 reservoirs or 43% of the total as of end−2006, are the least safe.
During project appraisal in 2008, Odisha (formerly Orissa), in northeastern India, was one of the poorest states in the country. Agriculture employed 60% of its available labor and generated one-third of its gross domestic product.