Agriculture is central to the economic growth of Punjab and the incomes of the poor rural households in the province. But underperforming irrigation infrastructure and institutions constrained the productivity of irrigated agriculture that, at program appraisal, covered 8.4 million hectares, accounted for more than 26% of the provincial gross domestic product (GDP) and 66% of the national agri
The Citarum River Basin (CRB) in West Java, Indonesia is considered by the government as the most strategic river basin in the country. As of 2008, it provided 80% of Jakarta’s water supply, supported more than 28 million people and 20% of the country’s industrial output, produced 1,400 megawatts of hydropower, and irrigated close to 400,000 hectares that produced 5% of Indonesia' rice.
In January 2007, the Asian Development Bank (ADB), at the request of the government of the Philippines, approved a $33.8 million loan, and a $9.0 million grant from the Global Environment Facility (GEF) it administers, for the Integrated Coastal Resources Management Project.
The People’s Republic of China (PRC) has some of the worst land degradation in the world, with more than 40% of its land area, or about 3 million square kilometers (km2), adversely affected in 2005. The vast western region, which accounts for 71% of the PRC’s land area, with a population of more than 350 million at the time, including many of the country’s poorest and most vulnerable, was sign
Liaoning province, in the southern part of northeast People’s Republic of China (PRC), functions as a major hub between the country’s northeastern economic region and fastest-growing economic region of Pan-Bohai that includes the cities of Beijing and Tianjin.