Viet Nam has some of the highest levels of public expenditure on infrastructure and services in Southeast Asia. Yet, higher government expenditure was not always directly associated with improved outcomes.
Punjab is a mid-sized state in India with a population of 28 million. It has a primarily agriculture-based economy that has long served as India’s granary and ensured the country’s food security. Despite its glowing past, the state economy, as of program appraisal, had been slowing down for over a decade because of high fiscal stress.
In October 2014, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a $500 million multitranche financing facility (MFF) for the Clean Energy Finance Investment Program for India. The MFF was to be extended to a financial intermediary, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA), categorized by the Reserve Bank of India as a non-deposit-taking systemically important nonbanking financ
The Philippine Development Plan (PDP), 2011–2016 called for real gross domestic product (GDP) to grow by an average of 7%–8% per year; for investments to reach 22% of GDP by 2016, compared to 19.7% during 2011–2013; and for extreme poverty to decline to 17% by 2016 from 33% in 1991. However, years of underinvestment in infrastructure had put the Philippines at a competitive disadvantage compar
In 2000, the government of Bangladesh conducted a prefeasibility study for the construction of a bridge across the Padma River that separates the southwest zone from other parts of the country, including the north-central zone where the national capital of Dhaka is located.