Pakistan’s nationalization program in the 1970s led to significant government ownership of companies and parastatal bodies across all economic sectors. Recognizing the limitations of this setup, the government started privatizing selected entities in the 1990s. Still, as of 2014, it owned 191 public sector enterprises (PSEs), some of which were profitable, while most were struggling to make p
Under its 2005 poverty reduction strategy, the government of Bangladesh prioritized technical and vocational education and training (TVET) to maximize the opportunities for self- and wage employment accompanying economic growth.
Landlocked Bihar, in the middle of India’s Gangetic plain region, is one of the country’s poorest, most populated, and economically backward states. Its road network, during project appraisal in 2008, was poor in terms of coverage and condition, and strengthening it to support the state’s economic development was a high priority.
Agriculture is an important driver of Punjab province’s economic growth and a pillar of Pakistan’s food security. During the early 2000s, it accounted for more than 26% of Punjab’s gross domestic product and employed over 40% of the provincial labor force. Punjab’s contribution to the country’s agricultural production was estimated at 57%.
Over 2003–2008, Viet Nam’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an average of 7.7% per year. While agriculture’s GDP share declined from 22.5% in 2003 to 20.4% in 2008, the country’s agricultural products achieved greater competitiveness and their exports expanded significantly.